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New study on Children’s eating habits and adult health

Hi All
I thought you might be interested in this study.

We must always remember correlation doesn’t prove cause. And we must always be open to alternative explanations for our own assumptions and those of researchers.

To me this study is simply supporting what we know- eating well is important for good health.

What suggestions do you think the authors are making about the results of their study?

What conclusions might you draw,
If any?

Press Release 28/01/2014

Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood

It is often said that breakfast is important for our health and a study conducted by Umeå University, published in Public Health Nutrition supports this claim.

The study revealed that adolescents who ate poor breakfasts displayed a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome 27 years later, compared with those who ate more substantial breakfasts.

Metabolic syndrome is a collective term for factors that are linked to an increased risk of suffering from cardiovascular disorders. Metabolic syndrome encompasses abdominal obesity, high levels of harmful triglycerides, low levels of protective HDL (High Density Lipoprotein), high blood pressure and high fasting blood glucose levels.

The study asked all students completing year 9 of their schooling in Luleå in 1981 (Northern Swedish Cohort) to answer questions about what they ate for breakfast. 27 years later, the respondents underwent a health check where the presence of metabolic syndrome and its various subcomponents was investigated.

The study shows that the young people who neglected to eat breakfast or ate a poor breakfast had a 68 per cent higher incidence of metabolic syndrome as adults, compared with those who had eaten more substantial breakfasts in their youth. This conclusion was drawn after taking into account socioeconomic factors and other lifestyle habits of the adolescents in question. Abdominal obesity and high levels of fasting blood glucose levels were the subcomponents which, at adult age, could be most clearly linked with poor breakfast in youth.

“Further studies are required for us to be able to understand the mechanisms involved in the connection between poor breakfast and metabolic syndrome, but our results and those of several previous studies suggest that a poor breakfast can have a negative effect on blood sugar regulation,” says Maria Wennberg, the study’s main author.

The study has been conducted by researchers at the Family Medicine Unit within Umeå University’s Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine and has been published in the journal Public Health Nutrition.

This paper is freely available for one month

Notes for Editors
For more information, please contact Maria Wennberg.

Telephone: +46 (0)70-4953230

E-mail: maria.wennberg@umu.se

About the Authors

Maria Wennberg, Per E Gustafsson, Patrik Wennberg and Anne Hammarstro¨m

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umea˚ University, 901 87 Umea˚, Sweden

About The Nutrition Society

The Nutrition Society was established in 1941 ‘to advance the scientific study of nutrition and its application to the maintenance of human and animal health’. Highly regarded by the scientific community, the Society is the largest learned society for nutrition in Europe. Membership is worldwide but most members live in Europe.

Membership is open to those with a genuine interest in the science of human or animal nutrition

For further information about The Nutrition Society, go to: http://www.nutritionsociety.org

About Cambridge Journals

Cambridge University Press publishes over 330 peer-reviewed academic journals across a wide spread of subject areas, in print and online. Many of these journals are the leading academic publications in their fields and together they form one of the most valuable and comprehensive bodies of research available today.

For further information about Cambridge Journals, go to http://journals.cambridge.org

About Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge. Dedicated to excellence, its purpose is to further the University’s objective of advancing knowledge, education, learning, and research.

Its extensive peer-reviewed publishing lists comprise 45,000 titles covering academic research, professional development, over 330 research journals, school-level education, English language teaching and bible publishing.

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For further information, go to: www.cambridge.org

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